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Letter 7220

Crichton-Browne, James to Darwin, C. R.

6 June 1870


Returns copy of Duchenne (found in cupboard) with notes [see 7221].

Sends photograph of woman patient with hair standing on end.


West Riding Asylum, | Wakefield.

6. June— 1870.

My dear Sir,

I am ashamed to write to you & infinitely distressed tocontemplate all the annoyance & trouble that my negligence mayhave occasioned you. Enclosure was given to my man-servant to packup. He did so & placed it in a cupboard where it was againforgotten.f1

Today I have myself seen it despatched by railcarriage—pre-paid. Will you kindly let me have one line to say whether itarrives in safety.

Enclosed in Duchenne (at the beginning) you will find a fewcrude notes on expression.f2 I promise more, in a little time,although I fear you will scarcely trust to me after all mycarelessness. Bear in mind, in extenuation of my faults that I amone of the hardest worked men in her Majestys Dominions. As arule I toil daily from 8. a.m. to 11. pm. contending all thewhile with bad health & great anxiety.

I send you a photograph of a female patient in the SouthernCounties Asylum, Dumfries N.B. under the care of Dr. Gilchristin whom the bristling of the hair was well seen.f3 The woman was ina tranquil mood when the portrait was taken. When she wasagitated—the ascendant emotion being horror—the hairstood out like wire.

We are beginning to take large photographs here, the size ofDuchennesf4 & will I think secure some interesting observations. Ishall send you some. Is there any point connected withexpression that you would particularly wish to have illustrated?

With sincere apologies & profound esteem, | I am, |Yours most faithfully | J. Crichton-Browne

Charles Darwin Esq &c &c

DAR 53.1: C68; DAR 161: 311



Crichton-Browne refers to the ‘Atlas’ to Duchenne 1862 (see letterto James Crichton-Browne, 2 April [1870]). The man-servant has not beenidentified.
See memorandum from James Crichton-Browne, [6 June 1870].
The photograph is probably that in DAR 53.1: C68, reproduced inExpression, p. 296. See plate on p. QQQQ. For an earlier photographof a woman with bristling hair sent by Crichton-Browne, seeCorrespondence vol. 17, enclosure to letter from Henry Maudsley, 20 May 1869. James Gilchrist had succeeded Crichton-Browne’s father,William Alexander Francis Browne, as medicalsuperintendent of the Crichton Royal Institution in 1857; the SouthernCounties Asylum was part of the institution. N.B.: North Britain.
Crichton-Browne refers to the large photographs in GuillaumeBenjamin Amand Duchenne’s ‘Atlas’ to his work on expression (Duchenne1862).
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